The Nieuport 11, often nicknamed the Bébé, was a French World War I single seat fighter aircraft, designed by Gustave Delage. It is famous as one of the aircraft that ended the 'Fokker Scourge' in 1916.
The type reached the French front in January 1916, and 90 were in service within the month. During the course of the Battle of Verdun in February 1916, the Nieuport 11 inflicted heavy losses on the enemy, forcing a radical change in German tactics. Some Nieuport 11s were modified in service to fire Le Prieur rockets from the struts. These weapons were intended for attacks on observation balloons and airships.
Nieuport 11s were supplied to the Aéronautique Militaire, the Royal Naval Air Service, the Dutch air service, Belgium, Russia and Italy. By March 1916 the Bébé was being replaced by the improved Nieuport 17. Although its operational career was short, it was the first in a line of single seat "Vee-Strut" Nieuport fighters - the most important being the Nieuport 17, 24bis. and 27.
Source: Wikipedia, "Nieuport 11", available under the CC-BY-SA License.
As Described In
Red Baron: The nimble Nieuport 11 was more than a match for the awkward Fokker E.IIIs, but by late 1916, the 11 had become totally obsolete.
Dawn Patrol: The Nieuport Scout was ordered by the RNAS. However, at the time of delivery, the RFC's need was greater. The Flying Corps needed aircraft to combat the Fokker Eindekker and the Nieuport was a useful companion to the DH2 which arrived at the Front at the same time in Spring 1916.