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Character: Tupolev Tu-22M
Primary Name
Tupolev Tu-22M
Alternate Names
Backfire
Backfire-B
Tupolev Tu-26
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The Tupolev Tu-22M (Туполев Ту-22М) (NATO reporting name: "Backfire") is a supersonic, swing-wing, long-range strategic and maritime strike bomber developed by the Soviet Union. Significant numbers remain in service with the Russian Air Force.

The first prototype, Tu-22M0, first flew on 30 August 1969. The resultant aircraft was first seen by NATO observers shortly thereafter. For several years it was believed in the West that its service designation was Tu-26. During the SALT negotiations of the 1980s the Soviets insisted it was the Tu-22M. At the time, Western authorities suspected that the misleading designation was intended to suggest that it was simply a derivative of the Tu-22 rather than the more advanced and capable weapon it actually was.

During the Cold War, the Tu-22M was operated by the VVS (Soviet Air Force) in a strategic bombing role, and by the AVMF (Aviatsiya Voyenno-Morskogo Flota, Soviet Naval Aviation) in a long-range maritime anti-shipping role.

The Tu-22M was first used in combat in Afghanistan from 1987 to 1989. Its usage was similar to the United States Air Force deployment of B-52 Stratofortress bombers in the Vietnam War, dropping large tonnages of conventional ordnance. The Russian Federation used the Tu-22M3 in combat in Chechnya during 1995, performing strikes near Grozny.

At the time of the dissolution of the Soviet Union, some 370 remained in CIS service. Production ended in 1993. The fleet strength was about 84 aircraft in 2008, with an additional 93 in reserve.

Source: Wikipedia, "Tupolev Tu-22M", available under the CC-BY-SA License.

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Pg. 1
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TU-22M Backfire
Tupolev Tu-22M
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Enemy
Appears in
Operation Spruance: The Naval Warfare Simulation
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Tu-26 Backfire
Tupolev Tu-26
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F-15 Strike Eagle II
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Tu-26 Backfire
Tupolev Tu-26
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F-15 Strike Eagle II: Deluxe Edition
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Tu-26 Backfire
Tupolev Tu-26
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F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter 2.0
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Tu-26 Backfire
Tupolev Tu-26
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F-19 Stealth Fighter
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Character: Tupolev Tu-22M
Tupolev Tu-26 BACKFRE B
Tupolev Tu-26
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Birds of Prey
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Pg. 1
Video Game: Birds of Prey
Rank N/A
Num Ratings 3
Average Rating 7.00
Average Weight 4.00
Num Owned 7
Prev. Owned 1
For Trade 0
Want in Trade 0
Wishlist 0
Comments 0
Release Date 1991-00-00
Video Game: F-117A Nighthawk Stealth Fighter 2.0
Rank 4701
Num Ratings 7
Average Rating 7.00
Average Weight 0.00
Num Owned 25
Prev. Owned 4
For Trade 1
Want in Trade 0
Wishlist 0
Comments 2
Release Date 1991-00-00
Video Game: F-15 Strike Eagle II
Rank 4970
Num Ratings 15
Average Rating 6.23
Average Weight 0.00
Num Owned 25
Prev. Owned 4
For Trade 0
Want in Trade 0
Wishlist 0
Comments 4
Release Date 1989-00-00
Video Game: F-15 Strike Eagle II: Deluxe Edition
Rank N/A
Num Ratings 1
Average Rating 9.00
Average Weight 0.00
Num Owned 1
Prev. Owned 0
For Trade 0
Want in Trade 0
Wishlist 0
Comments 1
Release Date 1991-00-00
Video Game: F-19 Stealth Fighter
Rank 1865
Num Ratings 35
Average Rating 7.13
Average Weight 4.25
Num Owned 38
Prev. Owned 19
For Trade 0
Want in Trade 0
Wishlist 2
Comments 6
Release Date 1987-00-00
Video Game: Operation Spruance: The Naval Warfare Simulation
Rank N/A
Num Ratings 0
Average Rating 0.00
Average Weight 0.00
Num Owned 1
Prev. Owned 0
For Trade 0
Want in Trade 0
Wishlist 0
Comments 0
Release Date 1990-00-00
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