Turbine, Inc. (formerly Turbine Entertainment Software, Second Nature, and originally CyberSpace, Inc.) is an American computer game developer that pioneered 3D massively multiplayer role-playing games (MMORPGs). Turbine was founded by Johnny Monsarrat, Jeremy Gaffney, Kevin Langevin, and Timothy Miller, changing their company name in 2005 to Turbine, Inc.
- Founded in April 1994 as CyberSpace, Inc.
- Later changed to Second Nature.
- Later changed to Turbine Entertainment Software.
- Lastly to Turbine, Inc.