Culture Brain Inc. (株式会社カルチャーブレーン?), formally known as Nihon Game Inc. (株式会社日本ゲーム?), is a small Japanese video game developer and publisher founded on October 5, 1980.
Culture Brain's first arcade video game was Monster Zero, released in 1982. In North America, Culture Brain is mostly known for its six video games for the Nintendo Entertainment System and its three for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System. Two of those games, The Magic of Scheherazade and Flying Warriors, were strongly redesigned by Culture Brain USA (the company's division in Redmond, WA) to better appeal North American consumers.
Culture Brain was distinct for its innovative gameplay and its mixture of RPG elements with either action or adventure. Two of its titles, The Magic of Scheherazade and Baseball Simulator 1.000, were awarded prizes by the Electronic Gaming Monthly magazine. The former in 1989 for "The best graphic of the year" and the latter in 1990 for "The best sport game of the year". However, like many other Japanese video game companies, Culture Brain ceased its operations in the United States in the 1990s. Ever since the demise of Culture Brain USA, video games developed by the parent company have rarely made it in America. An exception of the latter situation is the Nintendo 64 version of Flying Dragon which was published by Natsume.
Culture Brain is currently releasing games mainly for the Nintendo DS, as well as being involved in other activities outside video gaming. Culture Brain is located in Tokyo, Japan.
Source: Wikipedia, "Culture Brain", available under the CC-BY-SA License.