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Article Edit | History | Editors

ETO

E.T.O. Newsletter

Though it is never explicitly stated, "ETO" is here assumed to be the generally-accepted anagram for "European Theater of Operations," which is the geographic scope of the Europa series, though parts of North and East Africa, as well as the Near East are included. GR/D later used a very similar system in their The Glory WWII Pacific game series and The Great War WWI game series.

"Over the life of the (Europa) series, a large number of official and unofficial play aids, rules variants, fanzines, and other Europa-related materials have been published. The most important of these was a fanzine entitled ETO: The New Europa(TM) Newsletter, published by Bill Stone and running to 58 issues during 1985-1990. Starting with issue #45 in 1989, the subtitle was changed to The Independent Europa(TM) Newsletter in response to Games Research/Design's (GR/D) acquisition of the trademark and publication rights for the system. This fanzine was an important focus for fans of the Europa system during the years when GDW was sidelining the system and it had not yet been turned over to GR/D."
(from Wikipedia's Europa wargame entry)

Table of Contents

Issue #1: 1985 – May

– Spain and Portugal: Review, Bill Stone
– “Congress Shall Make No Law...,” Bill Stone
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Operation Felix: Scenario and Commentary, Bill Stone
– Spain and Portugal: Historical Background
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, Messing With The System (MWTS), etc.)
– Spain and Portugal: Errata
– The Canary Islands, Shelby Stanton
– Torch: A Prospectus
– The Line-Up

Issue #2: 1985 – June

– Color My World Feldgrau or Roy G Biv Goes to War, Bill Stone
– Boris and Bulgaria, Bill Stone
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Marita-Merkur Update, Bill Stone
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.)

Issue #3: 1985 – July

– Western Desert: Analyzing the Interplay of the Game, the Europa System, and the Historical Campaign (part 1), Bill Stone
– Reading Matter, Bill Stone
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Progress Report on Torch
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.)

Issue #4: 1985 – August

– The “Blitzkrieg” Sweepstakes (Contest for best Allied opening move for Western Desert)
– British African Colonial Forces: Order of Battle, Mike Bennighof (includes Bill Stone's map of Africa in 1939)
– Western Desert: Analyzing the Interplay of the Game, the Europa System, and the Historical Campaign (part 2), Bill Stone
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #5: 1985 – September

– A Visit to GDW, Bill Stone
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– An Open Letter to GDW, John Halford
– Postal Fire in the East, Fred Helfferich
– Stalemate in the Med, Harald Hansen (“Berlin to Baghdad” scenario with teams played at GamesCaucus 1985 in San Mateo, CA)
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)

Issue #6: 1985 – October

– The Ouzo Option – The Italo-Greek War, Ben Knight (Reader attempt at best opening move in Marita-Merkur)
– The Aussies, John Astell
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) - Hot Rod Europa, Bill Stone
– Testing Torch, Bill Stone
– Postal Fire in the East, by Greg Van Houten
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #7: 1985 – December

– Play Balance in the East (Various reader essays on the issue of play balance in Fire in the East)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Armor Attrition, Karl Gaarsoe
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #8: 1986 – January

– Fall Gelb: The First Playtest, David S. Berry
– Fire in the East (FitE) Tune-Up: Rough Draft, GDW (Initial thoughts from GDW about restoring play balance in FitE)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Are the Panzers Too Vulnerable in Europa?, Russ Duake
– Torch: The Historical Landings, John Astell
– Geography Primer (All maps numbered from 1 to 27, plus sub maps, indexed to game, and with short descriptions)
– Blackshirts in Egypt (Evaluating David Scheel's “The Italian Offensive”), Ben Knight
– Light My Torch (Tactical Problem Number Three)

Issue #9: 1986 – February

– Light My Torch (Opening Moves in Northwest Africa)
– The Fall of France: State of the Art Rules, John Astell
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Postal Fire in the East, Part 3: Russia at War!, Fred Helfferich
– Replacement Counters, Michael Faletti
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #10: 1986 – March

– The Med, David S. Berry
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Experimental Bombing and AA Tables, Jim Arnold
– Case White (description of the 1986 reissue)
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Narvik Contest

Issue #11: 1986 – May

– The Squeaky Wheel Gets the Grease – Outlining a Supply System for Europa, Ben Knight
– “Hitler Turns South” (Proposal for Europa scenario postulating Axis thrust in Mediterranean and Near East in 1941)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Reading Matter – Three Order-of-Battle Books, review by Bill Stone
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) The Incremental CRT and the Initiative Rule, Rich Mikulich
– Postal Fire in the East
--- Part 4: Red Army Holds On!, Fred Helfferich
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Narvik Contest

Issue #12: 1986 – June

– The Line-Up, Putting the System Together, Bill Stone
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Errata Exchange (Readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Bizerte or Bust?
– Training Exercise Number Four: The Turkey Trot
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) The Dardanelles and the Bosphorus, Bill Stone
– Postal Fire in the East, Part 5: Will Russia Survive Onslaught?, Fred Helfferich
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #13/14: 1986 – July/August

– Hitler Turns South: The Campaign at Origins '86, Bill Stone (not the rules and OB package, which was available separately from ETO)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Scorched Earth: The Playtest Kit
– The Turkey Trot - Training Exercise Number Four
--- To the Dardanelles, Ken Kettering
--- The Gallipoli Gallup, Ben Knight
--- The Gallipoli Gallumph, Ben Knight
– Origins '86: The Europa Seminar
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Advanced Air Rules, Mark Simonitch
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #15: 1986 – September

– Reflections on Victory in the East, Russ Duake (Essay on revising victory conditions for FitE)
– Winning Dirty or Maybe I'll Play Solataire, Rich Mikulich
– Postal Fire in the East, Part 6: Climax Approaching?, Fred Helfferich
– Pre-Production maps (#26/27) for Second Front
– Fire in the Garage / Scorched Oakland
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)

Issue #16: 1986 – October

– Scorched Earth: The Fire Burns Bright, Rich “Banko” Mikulich
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Torch: The Opening Turns, Bill Stone
– Postal Fire in the East
--- Part 7: The End in Sight?, Fred Helfferich
– Scorched Earth Playtest Notes, John Astell
– I Like It Like That (Readers write about what they like/dislike about Europa)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #17: 1986 – November

– Scorched Earth: The Maine Playtest, Burt Labelle
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Scorched Earth: The Story of Lieutenant Hans Gruen, Paul Pigulski
– Scorched Earth: The Northwest Ohio Playtest, Russ Dumke
– Our Friend...the Flak Factor, Bill Stone
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Harassment and Other Abuses, Ben Knight
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Europa Maps Projected Layout, John Astell
– The Spanish Navy, John Gee

Issue #18: 1986 – December

– Torch: The Race to Tunis, Bill Stone
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Our Friend...the Stacking Rule, Bill Stone
– Banko's Bullsheet – Peculiarities, Quirks, and Oddities, Rich “Banko” Mikulich

Issue #19/20: 1987 – January/February

– Rerunning the Race to Tunis, Ken Ketterling
– Banko's BullSheet – Warring in a Winter Worryland, Rich Mikulich
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Observation & Comment: The Med, Bobby Bryant
– Ants vs. Ants or Combat with Nothing at All, John Astell
– Researching Case White, Stuart Lee
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Arctic ZOCs, SSgt A.E. Goodwin
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Air Attack Software, Tibur Vari and Jeff Millefoglie (printed source code for a BASIC program to automate most of the surprise air attack in FitE/SE)

Issue #21: 1987 – March

– A New Approach to Limited Intelligence, SSgt A.E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Politicians, Diplomats, and Civil Servants at War
--- A Capital Idea, Russ Duake
--- The Marrakech Express, SSgt A.E. Goodwin
--- “Louie, This Could Be the Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship,” Jim Arnold
– Banko's BullSheet – Scorched Earth: The Debt Comes Due in '42, Rich Mikulich
– Voenno-Vozdushnye Sil: Jun II '41, Jeff Millefoglie (An analysis of the surprise air attack in FitE/SE)
– Soviet Offensive Tactics: January – April, 1943, Brian Knipplef
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #22: 1987 – April

– The Italian Army, 1939 – 1941, Michael K. Parker (Complete Europa OB of Italian forces for this time period, excepting East Africa)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Italian Divisions in the Desert, John Astell
– Banko's BullSheet – The Croatian Expeditionary Army, Rich Mikulich
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) The Cost of Shipping, Ben Knight
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #23: 1987 – May

– Europa Afloat – A Review of Ships and Navies, Part One, A. E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Desert Notes, Jim Arnold (Preliminary notes on the new approach to logistics, including the concepts of “load equivalents,” general supply, attack supply, resource points, transport capacity, revised supply movement point (SMP) calculations, overseas base establishment, and army HQ)
– Fine Tuning, Ken Ketterling (Expansion of ideas expressed in Ben Knight's “The Cost of Shipping” article in previous issue)
– Training Exercise Number Five: Iraq and Roll
– Muddying the Water, Bill Stone (Bill's thoughts on “The Cost of Shipping”)
– The Joys of Lamination, Val John Halford
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #24: 1987 – June

– Gamelin Was Right!, Jeff Millefoglie
– Europa Afloat – A Review of Ships and Navies, Part Two, A. E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Observation and Comment: Unit Classifications, Bobby Bryant
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Sand Castles or Building Forts in the Desert, Ben Knight

Issue #25: 1987 – July

– The Italian Army, 1942 – 1943, Michael K. Parker (Complete Europa OB of Italian forces for this time period, excepting East Africa)
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– The Italian Fleet, A. E. Goodwin
– How to Break Tobruk, Ben Knight
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Loading and Shipping, A. E. Goodwin

Issue #26: 1987 – August

– Training Exercise Number Five: Iraq and Roll
– Battling in the Backwater, Ben Knight (Ben's experience playing “Iraq and Roll” with Near East)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Scorched Earth: Opening the Box
– Our Friend...The Armor Effect, Bill Stone
– Scorched Earth: The 1942 Scenario at Origins '87
--- The Soviet Perspective, Victor Hauser
--- The Axis Perspective, Rob Beyma
– The Golden Square Faces the Arithmetic, Ben Knight (Analysis of Europa rendition of British defeat of Iraqi coup in 1941)
– Dear John, John Astell (One of Europa's main designers responds to reader questions)

Issue #27: 1987 – September

– The Urge to Umpire – Gamemastering with Special Intelligence Rules, Harald Hansen
– Iraq and Roll: Training Exercise #5, Reprise
--- Be There or Be Square, Russ Dumke
--- The Baghdad Blues, A. E. Goodwin
--- One Campaign, Four Plans, Bill Stone
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Scorched Earth: First Impressions, Readers of ETO
– Notes on the Incremental CRT, Ben Knight
– More on the Incremental CRT, Paul Smith
– The Royal Australian Navy, Stuart Lee
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #28: 1987 – October

– Zitadelle – Axis and Soviet Orders of Battle, July I 1943, David S. Berry
– Scorched Earth at Origins: The Rest of the Story, Rob Beyma
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Five to One Abused, Six to One Seldom Used, A. E. Goodwin
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #29: 1987 – November

– The Italian Army, !943 – 1945, Michael K. Parker
– Second Front: A Prospectus or Europa: “The Next Generation,” Victor Hauser
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– “Bro Rules” for Zitadelle, Dave S. Berry
– The Italian Army Order of Battle, July I 1943, Michael K. Parker
– Scorched Earth: German Surprise and Soviet Unpreparedness, Bill Stone
– A Spanish Hot Rod, E. M. Wheeler
– Dear John, John Astell (One of Europa's main designers responds to reader questions)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #30: 1987 – December

– Burgers! - Training Exercise #6
--- Preparing the Burgers, Bill Stone
--- It's Raining Ants!, Rick Gayler
--- Mighty Burgers from the Sky, A. E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The State of Europa, Bill Stone
– Axis Puppet Armies, July I 1943, Michael K. Parker
– Confessions of a Tinkerer: Rebuilding the Combat Results Table, David S. Berry
– General Stein Visits the Russian Front, Bill Stone with Ben Knight, A. E. Goodwin, Ken Ketterling, Jeff Millefoglie, and John Astell (Comparison of rules and tactics between FitE/SE and WitD)
– Slime in the Ukraine, Jeff Millefoglie and Harald Hansen (Slime is defined as an ahistorical exploitation of the rules to gain a game advantage)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #31/32: 1988 – January/February

– A Modest Proposal, Ken Ketterling (Suggestions for rules changes in the following areas: Forts & Fortifications, Paratroop Retreat on NE, Expanding CRT, Notes on Iraq, Scrapping)
– More Burgers! - Training Exercise #6, Refried
--- The Brandenburger Concerto, Ray Kanarr
--- Barbecuing the Burgers, Bobby Bryant
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– “2C or Not 2C” Revising the Western Desert Order of Battle, Ben Knight
– The Popofsky Maneuver, Paul Smith (Discussion of a slime tactic wherein a player can keep a city by refusing to occupy/defend it against enemy units which can reach but not enter the city.)
– Son of Son of Slime, Bill Stone (Short annotations to “Slime in the Ukraine” from previous issue #30)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #33: 1988 – March

– The Baltic States in World War II, Michael K. Parker
--- Estonia
--- Latvia
--- Lithuania
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Air Notes, Ken Ketterling (Suggestions for fixing some problems in the Europa air system)
– Our Friend...the Engineer, Bill Stone (Evolution of engineers in Europa)
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Rules for Mobilization, A. E. Goodwin
– Dear John, John Astell (One of Europa's main designers responds to reader questions)
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #34: 1988 – May

– Rule 28 – Naval Rules, A. E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Clean Air, Ben Knight(More suggestions for fixing some problems in the Europa air system)
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Patrol Attacks, Bobby Bryant
– Reader Feedback Results
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Naval Combat Results Tables
– Naval Movement Tables
– Origins '88

Issue #35: 1988 – June

– Finland at War (includes bibliography), A. E. Goodwin
– Trimming the Hordes, Charles C. Sharp (Discussion of moving Europa to a more historical use of Soviet forces in 1942-44.)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Game or Tinker Toy, Fred Helfferich (Caveats about MWTS)
– Tinkering or Tailoring, Bill Stone (ditto)
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Various bits of slime and their remedies, Fred Helfferich
– Finnish Order of Battle, 1939 – 1945, A. E. Goodwin
– Chronology of Finland's War Years, A. E. Goodwin
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #36: 1988 – July

– Donner und Blitzkrieg – An Analysis of Weather in Fire in the East and Scorched Earth, Rich Gayler
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Cousin of the Uncle of Distantly-Related-to-by-Shotgun-Marriage Son of Slime – Two Views of Slime in the Ukraine
--- Slime Can Be Counter-Productive, Charles C. Sharp
--- Burgerrata, Rich Gayler
– Baltic Units in Soviet Service, Charles C. Sharp
– Notes on Baltic Navies and coast Defense Artillery, A. E. Goodwin with Michael K. Parker
– “Northern Theater of Operations” at GamesCaucus '88: Settling Hash in Scandinavia
– Weather Probabilities by Zones in Scorched Earth
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #37: 1988 – August

– Strategy in the East, Charles C. Sharp
– A Conversation with Brad Hay
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- June II 1941: Soviet Deployment, Victor Hauser
--- Building the Wall, Victor Hauser
--- Up Against the Wall – The German Point of View, Rich Gayler
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Unit Identification Chart

Issue #38: 1988 – October

– The Air System, Part 1: Another Turn of the Screw, Ken Ketterling (Expansion of “Air Notes” from ETO #33)
--- Go Pound Sand: The Ineffectiveness of Air Unit Bombing
--- The Lost Patrol: Taming Patrol Attacks
--- Numbers vs. Quality
--- Making the World Safe for DAS: The “Abandon Mission” Option
--- Speak Nothing but Good of the Dead: Point Defense Flak, AA Fire Table, and Bombing Table
--- Chrome for Your Spitfiire? - A Unified Approach to C3I (Command, Control, Communication, Intelligence)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Royal Canadian Navy, E. M. Wheeler
– Run A-Way, Rick Gayler (Postal Scorched Earth)
– Origins 1988, Bill Stone
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Unit ID Chart: Contest Answers

Issue #39: 1988 – November

– Project 50 (A proposed series of scenarios, rules modules, OOBs appearing chronologically in ETO to mark important 50th anniversaries of WWII.)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Air System, Part 2: Thoughts on Various subjects, Moral and Diverting, Ken Ketterling (Expansion of “Air Notes” from ETO #33)
– Another Strategy in the East, Jan Musil
– Good Fences Make Good Neighbors: Comments on Forts and Fortifications, James D. Parmenter
– Slime in the North, Phillip A. Buhler
– A Few (Last?) Words on Slime, Ken Ketterling
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Soviet Point of View
------ Run-Run-Runaway, Victor Hauser
--- The Axis Point of View
------ Life's an NE, and Then You Die, Rick Gayler:
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Scorched Earth: Victory Determination Chart, Rick Gayler

Issue #40: 1988 – December

– An Experimental 2D6 Combat Results Table, John Astell
– Project 50 (A proposed series of scenarios, rules modules, OOBs appearing chronologically in ETO to mark important 50th anniversaries of WWII.)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Air System, Part 3: General Stein Takes to the Air, Ken Ketterling
– Air Forcing in Europa, Charles C. Sharp
– More Air Notes, Jim Arnold
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- They Also Serve Who Only Roll the Dice, Jeff Millefoglie
– Battlefield Bulletins
--- Marita-Merkur
--- War in the Desert
--- Scorched Earth
--- Second Front
– De-Sliming the North
--- NKVD Calling, Ben Knight
--- DD Calling, A. E. Goodwin
– Statistics of the Ground Combat Results Table, John Astell
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Welcome to the Machine
– Tiptoe through the Tulips – Training Exercise #7: Invasion of the Netherlands

Issue #41: 1989 – January

– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter I: Introduction
--- Chapter II: Kriegsmarine
------Part 1: Capital Ships
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Project 50 – Defining National Data Sheets, Bill Stone (As proposed in ETO #40, Project 50 will be a series of scenarios, rules modules, OOBs appearing chronologically in ETO to mark important 50th anniversaries of WWII.)
– Soviet Coast Defense Artillery, John E. Perkins
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Soviet Point of View – The Soviets Go to the Bank, Victor Hauser
--- The Axis Point of View – The Evil Empire Strikes Back, Rick Gayler
– Battlefield Bulletins (Reader AARs)
--- War in the Desert
--- Case White
– Police Action, Ben Knight (Europa Answer Man Column)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #42: 1989 – February

– Tiptoe through the Tulips – Training Exercise #7: Invasion of the Netherlands (How to knock the Dutch out of the war using the minimum amount of force.)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Project 50 Notes (see issue #41)
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter II: Kriegsmarine
------ Part 2: Other Major Units
– Welcome to the Machine (Thoughts on Computerizing Europa)
– Up in the Air – The Air System Debate, Martin Shaw
– Comparing Combat Results Tables, Ken richardson
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- Friwaftt, Dan Reynolds (An awkward anagram for “Fools rush in...”: Discussion of history vs. game in using “run-away” strategy for Soviets in FitE/SE)
– Political Status Sheets, Brian Knipple (Quantifying political will in determination of national surrender conditions)
– Notes on the Netherlands, A. E. Goodwin
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #43: 1989 – March

– Rumania at War, Michael K. Parker and A. E. Goodwin (includes Rumanian OOB/National Data Sheet, experimental Political/Diplomacy rules, and bibliography)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– An Air Dialogue, A. E. Goodwin and Ken Ketterling (Continuation of “Up in the Air” from ETO #42)
– Project 50 Notes (see issue #41)
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter II: Kriegsmarine
------ Part 3: Destroyers, Torpedo Boats, and Minesweepers
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Soviet Point of View – Toe-to-Toe with the Axis, Victor Hauser
--- The Axis Point of View – The New Soviet Mathematics, Rick Gayler
– Battlefield Bulletins (Reader AARs)
--- Scorched Earth (4X)
--- Victory in Europe
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Open Letter to Bill Stone, John Astell
– An Open Reply to John Astell, Bill Stone

Issue #44: 1989 – April

– Fortifications – General Stein Gets Fortified, Ken Ketterling
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Invasion Albania, Michael K. Parker
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Soviet Point of View – Verdun in the East, Dan Reynolds and Jan Musil
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter II: Kriegsmarine
------ Part 4: Light Forces and Submarines
– The Winter Battle – Frostbite, Attrition, and Winterization in '41-'42, Michael Fostar
– Touring the Maginot Line, Bill Stone
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Rumanian OOB/National Data Sheet Errata, A. E. Goodwin (See ETO #43)

Issue #45: 1989 – May

– Our Friend...the Railroad, Bill Stone
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
------ Part 1: Battleships
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Something in the Air, Jason Long
– The Road Past Mandalay – Europa Meets Pacifica, James A. Broshot
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.)
--- Regauging Rule 7.A.1: Operational Rail Movement, Ben Knight
--- Victory through Railpower, Victor Hauser
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Axis Point of View – A Little Momentum Can't Hurt, Rick Gayler
– Panic, Disillusionment, and Despair – Attacker Retreats in Europa, Jim Arnold
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Putting Everything on the Table, Bill Stone (How to arrange Europa maps)

Issue #46: 1989 – July

– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Sept II 1941 Turn: A View from the Trenches
------- The Soviet Point of View
--------- Arctic/Karellian Sector, Phillip Pomeranz
--------- Leningrad Sector, Tibor Vari
--------- Valdai Sector, Dennis J. Dubberley
--------- Voronezh Sector, Roy Lane
------- The Axis Point of View
--------- Note from OKW, Rick Gayler
--------- OKH Assistant, Peter Robbins
--------- Finland/Arctic Theater, Fred Helfferich
--------- Army Group Center, John Greer
--------- Army Group South, Bill Helm
--------- Rumanians/11th Army, Don McCue
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Well-Tempered National Data Sheet, Ken Ketterling
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
------ Part 2: Battlecruisers and Aircraft Carriers
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.)
--- Rules for Fortifications, A. E. Goodwin
– Europa on the Computer, Lawrence Coombs
– Surprise, Steve Eden
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Battle for White Russia: The Destruction of Army Group Center, by Gerd Niepold, review by Martin Shaw
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Project 50 Status Report

Issue #47: 1989 – August

– Britain on the Eve of War
--- The Army, James A. Broshot
--- Royal Air Force, Jason Long
--- Royal Navy, David S. Berry
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Urals: Opening the Box, Bill Stone
– I've Been Working on the Railroad, Too, Ken Ketterling
– Someone's in the Kitchen with Dinah, Bill Stone
– An Engineer is an Engineer is a Train Driver, Charles C. Sharp
– The British Army in Europa, David Hughes
– The Fleet Air Arm – From Munich to Poland, Jason Long (with bibliography and RAF OB, Sept I 1939)
– Chronology Between the Wars: November 1918 – December 1938, Bill Stone
– The Europa Seminar at Origins '89, Bill Stone
– Battlefield Bulletins
--- Scorched Earth (2X)
– Forum (Reader feedback)

Issue #48: 1989 – September

– Wojsko Polski – The Polish Armed Forces in 1939, John Gee (plus Polish OOB, National Data Sheet, and bibliography)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Africa Orientale - The Campaign in Italian East Africa, 1940-41
--- Review, Brian Knipple
--- Rules of Note, Bill Stone
--- Official Errata, Jeff Brown
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
------ Part 3: Cruisers
– EuropaFest '89, A. E. Goodwin
– Battlefield Bulletins
--- Case White
– Project 50 Reading List, Brian Knipple
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
--- Countdown to War, January-August, 1939, Bill Stone
--- September, 1939, Bill Stone

Issue #49: 1989 – October

– Soviet Order of Battle – September 1939 – June 1941, Charles Sharp (plus Soviet Air OOB and National Data Sheet
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– On Air Unit Ratings, Victor Hauser
– The Urals: Another Point of View, Bobby Bryant
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
--- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
------ Part 4: Other Major Units
– Postal Scorched Earth
--- The Soviet Point of View – Waiting for the Mud, Roy Lane
--- The Axis Point of View – A farewell to Friwaftt, Rick Gayler
– Q & A Exchange (Renamed from Errata Exchange, readers send in their rules questions with answers they received from GDW)
– Project 50 Reading List – General Histories of the War, Brian Knipple
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
--- October, 1939, Bill Stone

Issue #50: 1989 – November

– Warbirds – A Survey of Europa Aircraft
- Part One: Introduction, Victor Hauser
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Baltic States, Michael K. Parker (OBs for Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania in 1939)
– Baltic History, Politics, and Diplomacy, James D. Parmenter
– Baltic Air Forces, Jason Long
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Trucks, TCs, and SMPs, Bill Stone
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
Part 5: Destroyers and Escorts
– Mapping the Future, Bill Stone
– Battlefield Bulletins
- Case White (2X)
- War in the Desert
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
- November, 1939, Bill Stone

Issue #51: 1989 – December

– Winter War – A Scenario of the Russo-Finnish Campaign, A. E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Rule 22 – Antiaircraft, Victor Hauser
– One-Week Europa
- The California System, Jim Arnold
- The Canadian System, Gordon Johansen
– Postal Scorched Earth
- The Soviet Point of View – Black October, Roy Lane
- The Axis Point of View – Indian Summer, Rick Gayler
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
Part 6: Escorts and Minesweepers
– Finnish National Data Sheet, A. E. Goodwin
– Battlefield Bulletins
- Africa Orientale
- Second Front (playtest)
– Project 50 Reading List – The Russo-Finnish War, Brian Knipple with Terry Dotson
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
- December, 1939, Bill Stone

Issue #52: 1990 – January

– Europa Training Manual, David S. Berry
– Warbirds – A Survey of Europa Aircraft
- Part 2: 1927 - 1934, Victor Hauser
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Unofficial (column for rules mods, MWTS, etc.) Reserves, Offensives, Airbases, and the Air System
- Reserves, Martin Shaw
- Offensives, Martin Shaw
- Soviet Airbase Capacity, Bobby Bryant
- Patrol Attacks, Jeffery Schaeper
- Hard and Soft Bombing, Jeffery Schaeper
- Flak Suppression, Jefferey Schaeper
– Taking Syria Seriously, Ben Knight
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
- Chapter III: The Royal Navy
Part 7: Light Forces and Submarines
– Battlefield Bulletins
- Winter War
– A First Look: For Whom the Bell Tolls
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
- January, 1940, Bill Stone

Issue #53: 1990 – February

– Denmark in World War II, A. E. Goodwin and James D. Parmenter with Michael K. Parker and Jason Long (with bibliography)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Oil in the East
- Part 1: The Technical Oil Battalions, Nelson B. Isada
– Winter War Notes and Errata, A. E. Goodwin
– Postal Scorched Earth
- The Soviet Point of View – A Hazy Shade of Winter, Roy Lane
– The Urals: One More Time, Ken Ketterling
– Danish Order of Battle, A. E. Goodwin and James D. Parmenter with Michael K. Parker and Jason Long
– Danish National Data Sheet, A. E. Goodwin and James D. Parmenter with Michael K. Parker and Jason Long
– Experimental Political/Diplomatic Rules, A. E. Goodwin and James D. Parmenter with Michael K. Parker and Jason Long
– Weserubung Sud – Adding Denmark to Narvik, A. E. Goodwin
– Denmark Map, Bill Stone
– Danish Armed Forces Chart (for Narvik), Bill Stone
– Chronology
- February, 1940, Bill Stone
– Narvik counter graphics, Bill Stone

Issue #54: 1990 – March

– Second Front Now!
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– The Norwegian Air Force, Jason Long
– Navies off Norway, David S. Berry
– Norwegian Coast Defense Artillery, John Perkins
– Norwegian National Data Sheet, A. E. Goodwin
– Norwegian Order of Battle, A. E. Goodwin, Jason Long, John Perkins (based on original ground OB by Frank Chadwick, Paul Banner, and John Astell)
– Warbids – A Survey of Europa Aircraft, Part 3, Victor Hauser
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
--- March, 1940, Bill Stone

Issue #55: 1990 – May

– The Dutch Army – A Tinker and a Tailor Built It; Two Europa Tinkers and Tailors Take a Second Look, James D Parmenter and A. E. Goodwin
– News & Rumors & Gossip (A. E. Goodwin takes over editorship of ETO)
– Amphibious Rules in Second Front – Outline and Commentary, Bill Stone
– Project 50 Reading List – the Norwegian Campaign, Brian Knipple with Terry Dotson
– Amphibious Rules in Second Front – An Example of Play, A. E. Goodwin
– Revised Map of Netherlands, A. E. Goodwin
– Postal Scorched Earth
- The Axis Point of View – A November to Remember, Fred Helfferich with Rick Gayler
– The Admiralty Report – A Survey of Europa Navies, David S. Berry
- Chapter IV: The Soviet Navy
Part 7: Light Forces and Submarines
– Battlefield Bulletins
- Scorched Earth
– Warbids – A Survey of Europa Aircraft, Part 3 (Continued), Victor Hauser
– Counters for Revised/Alternate Dutch OB (including coast defense artillery from ETO #42)
– Forum (Reader feedback)
– Chronology
- April/May, 1940, Bill Stone

Issue #56: 1990 – June

– The French Armed Forces in 1939, John Gee (with French OOB: Sept I '39 through Sept I '40, French National Data Sheet)
– News & Rumors & Gossip
– Belgium at War, Michael K. Parker and Jason Long
– Training Exercise #8: Grand Strategy (Overall strategy for Axis to win the war)
– New Rules for Second Front Playtest, Bill Stone
– From the Mapmaker, A. E. Goodwin
– Project 50 Reading List: The Battle of France, Brian Knipple with Terry Dotson
– Belgian National Data Sheet, A. E. Goodwin and Jason Long
– Belgian Army: Home Stations and Official Assignments, 10 May 1940, Michael K. Parker and Jason Long
– Dutch National Data Sheet, A. E. Goodwin and James D. Parmenter
– Chronology
--- June, 1940, Bill Stone
– Forum (Reader feedback)

ETO #57: July 1990 - July

- British OB 1939-'40 (Their Finest Hour)
- SF Playtest (Second Front)
- British NDS
- Mapping the British lsles
- lrish NDS
- Training Ex #8 Revisited
- British CDA

ETO #58: 1990 - August

Battle of Britain. A Scenario of the Air War over England in the Summer of 1940. David Berry (Their Finest Hour)
- Unofficial: A Proposed New Air Combat System for Europa. Nick Somio
- Unofficial: Alternative AA and Bombing Tables and Air CRT. Victor Hauser
- The "Dual Standards" for Soviet Armor. Mark Swenholt
- Oil in the East Part IIA: The Oil Fields. Nelson B Isada
- Some Ideas concerning Replacements. Lawrence Coombs
- Projekt 50 Reading List - The Battle of Britain & Operation Sealion. Brian Knipple
- War in the Desert - The Whole 900 Days. David Berry and Dave Bolt
- Chronology: August 1940. Compiled by Bill Stone

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